After the Prophet

Author: Lesley Hazleton

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 0385532091

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 2150


In this gripping narrative history, Lesley Hazleton tells the tragic story at the heart of the ongoing rivalry between the Sunni and Shia branches of Islam, a rift that dominates the news now more than ever. Even as Muhammad lay dying, the battle over who would take control of the new Islamic nation had begun, beginning a succession crisis marked by power grabs, assassination, political intrigue, and passionate faith. Soon Islam was embroiled in civil war, pitting its founder's controversial wife Aisha against his son-in-law Ali, and shattering Muhammad’s ideal of unity. Combining meticulous research with compelling storytelling, After the Prophet explores the volatile intersection of religion and politics, psychology and culture, and history and current events. It is an indispensable guide to the depth and power of the Shia–Sunni split.

The Division after Prophet Muhammad

Author: Hassan A. Nahim

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1477148027

Category: Religion

Page: 225

View: 535


While the Prophet was returning from his last pilgrimage to Medina, he received this revelation from Allah,at a place called Ghadir Khumm,commanding the Prophet to read it to the people. "O Prophet proclaim what has been revealed to you from your Lord, for if you do it not, you have not conveyed His message, and Allah will protect you from the (evil designs of) people," Surah Al Maida Chapter 5 V 67. Then the prophet told his People, the reason for this verse, is to Proclaim Ali as the Chaliphate after him. Immediately following the passing of the Prophet (SAW), his Sahabat, and his fathers in law, turned against Ali. The home of Fatima, daughter of the Prophet was burned down by the Sahabat, despite several narrations from the Prophet about Fatima, one of which is who ever upset Fatima, upset me and who ever upset me upset Allah. This book gives you summarized Ahadiths from Sunnis and Shias determining the Caliphate. It shows why the Caliphate belongs to Ali,and his descendants using Sunni Ahadiths to prove so. This book differentiates between the beliefs of the Shias and the Sunnis, and uses verses from the Holy Quran and from several Ahadith books.

The Division After Prophet Muhammad

Author: Hassan A. Nahim

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1477148000

Category: Religion

Page: 226

View: 3554


While the Prophet was returning from his last piligrimage to Medina, he received this revealation from Allah, at a place called Ghadir Khumm, commading the Prophet to read it to the people. O Prophet proclaim what has been revealed to you from your Lord, for if you do it not, you have not conveyed His message, and Allah will protect you from the (evil designs of) people, Surat Al Maida Chapter 5 V 67. Then the prophet told his People, the reason for this verse, is to Proclaim Ali as the Chaliphate after him. Immediately following the passing of the Prophet (SAW), his two Sahabat, and their fathers in law, turned against Ali. the home of Fatima, daughter of the Prophet was burned down by the sahabat, despite several narrations from the Prophet about Fatima, one of which is who ever upset Fatima, upset me and who ever upset me upset Allah. This book gives you summarized Ahadiths from Sunnis and Shias determining the Caliphate. It shows why the Caliphate belongs to Ali, and hid his decendant using Sunni Ahadiths to prove so. This book differentiates between the beliefs of the Shias and the Sunnis, and uses verses from the Holy Quran and from several Ahadith books.

The Making of Martyrdom in Modern Twelver Shi’ism

Author: Adel Hashemi

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0755633962

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 745


In Twelver Shi'a Islam, the wait for the return of the Twelfth Imam, Mu?ammad ibn al-?asan al-Mahdi, at the end of time, overshadowed the value of actively seeking martyrdom. However, what is the place of martyrdom in Twelver Shi'ism today? This book shows that the Islamic revolution in Iran resulted in the marriage of Shi'i messianism and extreme political activism, changing the mindset of the Shi'a worldwide. Suddenly, each drop of martyrs' blood brought the return of al-Mahdi one step closer, and the Islamic Republic of Iran supposedly became the prelude to the foretold world revolution of al-Mahdi. Adel Hashemi traces the unexplored area of Shi'i discourse on martyrdom from the 1979 revolution-when the Islamic Republic's leaders cultivated the culture of martyrdom to topple the Shah's regime-to the dramatic shift in the understanding of martyrdom today. Also included are the reaction to the Syrian crisis, the region's war with ISIS and other Salafi groups, and the renewed commitment to the defense of shrines. This book shows the striking shifts in the meaning of martyrdom in Shi'ism, revealing the real relevance of the concept to the present-day Muslim world.

Yahwism After the Exile

Author: European Association for Biblical Studies. Meeting

Publisher: Uitgeverij Van Gorcum

ISBN: 9789023238805

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 1856


"The Persian era in Ancient Israel's history is an intriguing period. The time span between Cyrus the Great and Alexander the Great was a theatre of shifts and changes. These changes are observable in daily life, in the organisation of society as well as in various religious phenomena. The essays in this volume originate from a seminar about developments and movements in the religion of Israel after the Exile, which was part of the first meeting of the European Association for Biblical Studies (Utrecht, 2000). The essays deal with questions like: How did religion help inhabitants of Yehud to cope with the new reality? How did this new reality influence the (re)formulation of Yahwism? What was the character of the existing Yahwism that was reformulated?"--

Homosexuality in Islam

Author: Scott Siraj Al-Haqq Kugle

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 178074028X

Category: Religion

Page: 344

View: 5068


Homosexuality is anathema to Islam – or so the majority of both believers and non-believers suppose. Throughout the Muslim world, it is met with hostility, where state punishments range from hefty fines to the death penalty. Likewise, numerous scholars and commentators maintain that the Qur’an and Hadith rule unambiguously against same-sex relations. This pioneering study argues that there is far more nuance to the matter than most believe. In its narrative of Lot, the Qur’an could be interpreted as condemning lust rather homosexuality. While some Hadith are fiercely critical of homosexuality, some are far more equivocal. This is the first book length treatment to offer a detailed analysis of how Islamic scripture, jurisprudence, and Hadith, can not only accommodate a sexually sensitive Islam, but actively endorse it.

The Qurʾan, morality and critical reason

Author: Muòhammad Shaòhråur

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004171037

Category: Social Science

Page: 586

View: 905


This book presents the work and ideas of the Syrian writer Muhammad Shahrur to the English-speaking world. Shahrur is at the moment the most innovative intellectual thinker in the Arab Middle East. Often described as the a ~Martin Luther of Islam,a (TM) he offers a liberal, progressive reading of Islam that aims to counter the influences of religious fundamentalism and radical politics. Shahrura (TM)s innovative interpretation of the Qura (TM)an offers groundbreaking new ideas, based on his conviction that centuries of historical Islam, including scholarship in the traditional Islamic religious sciences, have obscured or even obliterated the Qura (TM)ana (TM)s progressive and revolutionary message. That message is one that has endured through each period of human history in which Islam has existed, encouraging Muslims to apply the most contemporary perspective available to interpret the Qura (TM)ana (TM)s meaning.

After The Prophet

Author: Lesley Hazleton

Publisher: IRCISOD

ISBN: 6027696680

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 8796


Dari zaman TV hitam putih menyiarkan program Dunia Dalam Berita jam 9 malam sampai sekarang, tiada hentihentinya kita dengar berita dari Timur Tengah tentang peperangan sesama orang Islam, pemboman masjid, penghancuran situs ziarah, pembunuhan brutal warga sipil yang tak berdosa, dan berbagai bentuk kekerasan lainnya. Apalagi belakangan ini, dunia Islam diguncang dan dibuat porak-poranda oleh isu radikalisme dan intoleransi agama, terorisme global dan isu kekhilafahan, konflik sektarian dan perang saudara, seperti di Suriah, Yaman, Irak, Pakistan, Mesir, Iran, Lebanon, Afganistan, dan lainnya. Jika dirunut ke belakang, konflik dan peperangan ini dipicu oleh dua arus utama dalam Islam yang saling berseberangan dalam banyak hal: Islam Sunni yang mayoritas dan Islam Syiah yang minoritas. Keadaan ini semakin diperparah dengan keterlibatan negara Barat di dunia Timur, terutama Timur Tengah, bisa karena motif invasi dan kolonialisasi, politik kekuasaan, penguasaan sumber daya alam (minyak) dan ekspor gerakan Wahabi dari kerajaan Arab Saudi ke berbagai belahan negeri Islam untuk kepentingan keamanan bisnis mereka. "Menarik sekali....sangat hidup dan memukau.... Siapa pun yang berusaha memahami masalah Timur Tengah masa kini bisa belajar banyak dari bükü ini. Hazleton tidak hanya menulis fakta yang melatari perpecahan Syiah-Sunni, tetapi juga dengan sangat bertanggungjawab memanfaatkan referensi yang sudah berabad-abad usianya untuk mengungkap kedalaman sensitifitas emosional dan spiritual yang terbungkus dalam kata sederhana, seperti 'Karbala' (Dia) dengan piawai menggunakan sumber-sumber asli, yang sebagian be?ar merujuk pada riwayat tertulis kontemporer maupun riwayat tradisi oral, untuk menghidupkan dan memberi napas sosok-sosok penting yang sudah akrab di kalangan umat ?slam, tetapi masih asing bagi sebagian besar non-lslam.” —Seattle Times

The Federalist Frontier

Author: Kristopher Maulden

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 0826274390

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 6534


The Federalist Frontier traces the development of Federalist policies and the Federalist Party in the first three states of the Northwest Territory—Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois—from the nation’s first years until the rise of the Second Party System in the 1820s and 1830s. Relying on government records, private correspondence, and newspapers, Kristopher Maulden argues that Federalists originated many of the policies and institutions that helped the young United States government take a leading role in the American people’s expansion and settlement westward across the Appalachians. It was primarily they who placed the U.S. Army at the fore of the white westward movement, created and executed the institutions to survey and sell public lands, and advocated for transportation projects to aid commerce and further migration into the region. Ultimately, the relationship between government and settlers evolved as citizens raised their expectations of what the federal government should provide, and the region embraced transportation infrastructure and innovation in public education. Historians of early American politics will have a chance to read about Federalists in the Northwest, and they will see the early American state in action in fighting Indians, shaping settler understandings of space and social advancement, and influencing political ideals among the citizens. For historians of the early American West, Maulden’s work demonstrates that the origins of state-led expansion reach much further back in time than generally understood.