Author: M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400838177

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 293

View: 9661

When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk became the first president of Turkey in 1923, he set about transforming his country into a secular republic where nationalism sanctified by science--and by the personality cult Atatürk created around himself--would reign supreme as the new religion. This book provides the first in-depth look at the intellectual life of the Turkish Republic's founder. In doing so, it frames him within the historical context of the turbulent age in which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the late Ottoman imperial order to the modern Turkish state through his life and ideas. Shedding light on one of the most complex and enigmatic statesmen of the modern era, M. Sükrü Hanioglu takes readers from Atatürk's youth as a Muslim boy in the volatile ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his education in nonreligious and military schools, to his embrace of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing Young Turks movement. Who was this figure who sought glory as an ambitious young officer in World War I, defied the victorious Allies intent on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the last sultan? Hanioglu charts Atatürk's intellectual and ideological development at every stage of his life, demonstrating how he was profoundly influenced by the new ideas that were circulating in the sprawling Ottoman realm. He shows how Atatürk drew on a unique mix of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and other theories to fashion a grand utopian framework on which to build his new nation.


Author: Andrew Mango

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1848546181

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 300

View: 581

This biography of Ataturk aims to strip away the myth to show the complexities of the man beneath. Born plain Mustafa in Ottoman Salonica in 1881, he trained as an army officer but was virtually unknown until 1919, when he took the lead in thwarting the victorious Allies' plan to partition the Turkish core of the Ottoman Empire. He divided the Allies, defeated the last Sultan and secured the territory of the Turkish national state, becoming the first president of the new republic in 1923. He imposed coherence, order and mordernity and in the process, created his own legend and his own cult.


Author: Patrick Kinross

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1780224443

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 560

View: 1848

The definitive biography of the father of modern Turkey, a powerful figure in the still-unfolding drama of the Middle East. With the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after the First World War came the emergence of new nations, chief among them Turkey itself. It was the creation of one man, the soldier-statesman Mustafa Kemal, who dragged his country from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century, and in defeating Western imperialists inspired 'the cause of the East'. Lord Kinross writes of the intrigues of empires, the brutalities of civil war, personal courage - showing us Ataturk, the incarnation of glory - as well as of Kemal's youthful ambition, and his problems with his wife.

Ataturk's planning of the Turkish revolution: The unknown 6 months in Istanbul

Author: Alev Coşkun

Publisher: Ataturk Research Center CT


Category: History

Page: 1165

View: 2017

November 13, 1918. The day Mustafa Kemal arrived in Istanbul, just two weeks after the signing of the Armistice of Mudros. May 16, 1919. The day he left Istanbul for Samsun on the Bandırma steamship. This book relates the adventure that took place during the intervening six months. It is a story that has never received the treatment it deserves, but that has now been remedied. These six months were essentially the planning and preparation phase of the war of independence. Dr. Alev Coşkun gives the reader a masterful and meticulous account of Mustafa Kemal’s daily contacts in the context of political developments with commentary on the significance of these events. On the one hand we see minorities supporting the occupying British, French and Italian forces, spies brazenly operating everywhere and British sympathizers, and on the other hand, we see the Turks, exhausted, helpless and grieving the fact that their capital is now occupied. This was the catastrophe to which Mustafa Kemal and his comrades sought a remedy. It is a breathtaking six months filled with incredible events. The original name of this book was ‘Samsun'dan Önce Bilinmeyen 6 Ay İşgal, Hüzün, Hazırlık” (The Unknown Six Months Before Samsun: Occupation, Grief and Preparation.)” Because the book covers in detail the six-month period during which Atatürk planned the revolution that would lay the foundations of the Republic of Turkey, the book’s English title makes reference to the Turkish Revolution. The author’s straightforward and easy-to-read narrative was first published in Turkish in 2008. The events related in this rigorous historical work are fully documented and skillfully woven together. The book is in its 24th printing and has sold 100,000 copies, proof that it is achieving its mission of “passing on” the history of the Republic of Turkey to the next generation.


Author: Patrick Balfour Baron Kinross

Publisher: Quill


Category: Presidents

Page: 615

View: 7291

Offers an in-depth portrait of the Turkish general and statesman who rebuilt his country into a modern nation after World War I

Faces of the State

Author: Yael Navaro-Yashin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 069121428X

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7786

Faces of the State is a penetrating study of the production of a state-revering political culture in the public life of 1990s Turkey. In this new contribution to the anthropology of the state, Yael Navaro-Yashin brings recent poststructuralist and psychoanalytic theory to bear on the study of the political. Delving deeper than studies of nationalist discourse that would focus on consciously articulated narratives of political identity, the author explores sites of "fantasy" in the public-political domain of Istanbul. The book focuses on the conflict over secularism in the aftermath of an Islamist victory in the city's municipalities. In contrast with studies that would problematize and objectify religious movements, the author examines the agency of secularists under a state widely known for its "secularist" policies. The complexity and dynamism of the context studied moves well beyond scholarly distinctions between "secularity" and "religion," as well as "state" and "society." Here, secularism and Islamism emerge as different guises for a culture of statism where people from "society" compete to claim "Turkish culture" for themselves and their life practices. With this work that stretches the boundaries of regionalism, the author situates her anthropological study of Turkey not only in scholarship on the Middle East, but also in the broader problem of thinking "Europe" anew.

Atatürk and the Modernization of Turkey

Author: Jacob M. Landau

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004070707

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 5299

The papers in this volume were presented and discussed at an international symposium on Ataturk and the modernization of Turkey, which was held at Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in October 1981, to mark the century of Mustafa Kemalʹs birth. Scholars from six countries -- France, Great Britain, Israel, Turkey, the United States and West Germany -- examined and discussed Ataturkʹs lifework and achievements at the symposium, in an attempt to evaluate their significance for his own time as well as for post-Kemalist Turkey. It is our hope that this volume of proceedings will make a contribution to the understanding of the impact of Ataturk and his followers on Turkey in the twentieth century. -- Preface (p. ix.).

Jefferson & Ataturk

Author: Garrett Ward Sheldon

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated


Category: Political Science

Page: 139

View: 763

This book is a comparative study of the political theories of Thomas Jefferson, one of the founders of the United States of America, and Kemal Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey. Similarities are found in their imperial settings, wars of national independence, establishment of republics, freedom of religion, public education, and economics. The impact of these two great political thinkers on the West and the Middle East is detailed.