All Animals are Equal / Alle Tiere sind gleich (Englisch/Deutsch)

Author: Peter Albert David Singer

Publisher: Reclam Verlag

ISBN: 3159619702

Category: Philosophy

Page: 143

View: 8697

Mit einigem Recht kann man Peter Singer als einen der umstrittensten Philosophen der Gegenwart bezeichnen – doch mit ebensolcher Berechtigung auch als einen der einflussreichsten und originellsten Denker. Sein früher Aufsatz von 1974 stellt unangenehme Fragen: Mit welchem Recht maßen wir uns an, Tiere als uns grundsätzlich unterlegen zu verstehen, sie als Verfügungsmasse zu behandeln? Unser Vorurteil, die menschliche Spezies sei als solche immer vorzuziehen, steht auf tönernen Füßen. Der Band bietet eine Neuübersetzung des einflussreichen Textes, rekonstruiert den Argumentationsverlauf und zeichnet dessen Wirkungsgeschichte nach. E-Book mit Seitenzählung der Originalpaginierung.

Equal Citizenship, Civil Rights, and the Constitution

Author: Christopher Green

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317539397

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 3903

The Privileges or Immunities Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment is arguably the most historically important clause of the most significant part of the US Constitution. Designed to be a central guarantor of civil rights and civil liberties following Reconstruction, this clause could have been at the center of most of the country's constitutional controversies, not only during Reconstruction, but in the modern period as well; yet for a variety of historical reasons, including precedent-setting narrow interpretations, the Privileges or Immunities Clause has been cast aside by the Supreme Court. This book investigates the Clause in a textualist-originalist manner, an approach increasingly popular among both academics and judges, to examine the meanings actually expressed by the text in its original context. Arguing for a revival of the Privileges or Immunities Clause, author Christopher Green lays the groundwork for assessing the originalist credentials of such areas of law as school segregation, state action, sex discrimination, incorporation of the Bill of Rights against states, the relationship between tradition and policy analysis in assessing fundamental rights, and the Fourteenth Amendment rights of corporations and aliens. Thoroughly argued and historically well-researched, this book demonstrates that the Privileges or Immunities Clause protects liberty and equality, and it will be of interest to legal academics, American legal historians, and anyone interested in American constitutional history.

Education Policy and Equal Opportunity in Japan

Author: Akito Okada

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857452681

Category: Education

Page: 218

View: 4668

In many societies today, educational aims or goals are commonly characterized in terms of "equality," "equal opportunity," "equal access" or "equal rights," the underlying assumption being that "equality" in some form is an intelligible and sensible educational ideal. Yet, there are different views and lively debates about what sort of equality should be pursued; in particular, the issue of equality of educational opportunity has served as justification for much of the postwar restructuring of educational systems around the world. The author explores different interpretations of the concept of equality of educational opportunity in Japan, especially as applied to post-World War II educational policies. By focusing on the positions taken by key actors such as the major political parties, central administrative bodies, teachers' unions, and scholars, he describes how their concepts have developed over time and in what way they relate to the making of educational policy, especially in light of Japan's falling birthrate and aging society.