Famous Problems of Geometry and How to Solve Them

Author: Benjamin Bold

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486137635

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 3267

Delve into the development of modern mathematics and match wits with Euclid, Newton, Descartes, and others. Each chapter explores an individual type of challenge, with commentary and practice problems. Solutions.

Short-cut Math

Author: Gerard W. Kelly

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486246116

Category: Mathematics

Page: 134

View: 6737

Can you multiply 362 x .5 quickly in your head? Could you readily calculate the square of 41? How much is 635 divided by 2«? Can 727,648 be evenly divided by 8? If any of these questions took you more than a few seconds to solve, you need this book. Short-Cut Math is a concise, remarkably clear compendium of about 150 math short-cuts ? timesaving tricks that provide faster, easier ways to add, subtract, multiply, and divide. By using the simple foolproof methods in this volume, you can double or triple your calculation speed ? even if you always hated math in school. Here's a sampling of the amazingly effective techniques you will learn in minutes: Adding by 10 Groups; No-Carry Addition; Subtraction Without Borrowing; Multiplying by Aliquot Parts; Test for Divisibility by Odd and Even Numbers; Simplifying Dividends and Divisors; Fastest Way to Add or Subtract Any Pair of Fractions; Multiplying and Dividing with Mixed Numbers, and more. The short-cuts in this book require no special math ability. If you can do ordinary arithmetic, you will have no trouble with these methods. There are no complicated formulas or unfamiliar jargon ? no long drills or exercises. For each problem, the author provides an explanation of the method and a step-by-step solution. Then the short-cut is applied, with a proof and an explanation of why it works. Students, teachers, businesspeople, accountants, bank tellers, check-out clerks ? anyone who uses numbers and wishes to increase his or her speed and arithmetical agility, can benefit from the clear, easy-to-follow techniques given here.

Geometric Constructions

Author: George E. Martin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461206294

Category: Mathematics

Page: 206

View: 1845

Geometric constructions have been a popular part of mathematics throughout history. The first chapter here is informal and starts from scratch, introducing all the geometric constructions from high school that have been forgotten or were never learned. The second chapter formalises Plato's game, and examines problems from antiquity such as the impossibility of trisecting an arbitrary angle. After that, variations on Plato's theme are explored: using only a ruler, a compass, toothpicks, a ruler and dividers, a marked rule, or a tomahawk, ending in a chapter on geometric constructions by paperfolding. The author writes in a charming style and nicely intersperses history and philosophy within the mathematics, teaching a little geometry and a little algebra along the way. This is as much an algebra book as it is a geometry book, yet since all the algebra and geometry needed is developed within the text, very little mathematical background is required. This text has been class tested for several semesters with a master's level class for secondary teachers.

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics

Author: Eric W. Weisstein

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420035223

Category: Mathematics

Page: 3252

View: 1271

Upon publication, the first edition of the CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics received overwhelming accolades for its unparalleled scope, readability, and utility. It soon took its place among the top selling books in the history of Chapman & Hall/CRC, and its popularity continues unabated. Yet also unabated has been the d

Ruler and the Round

Author: Nicholas D. Kazarinoff

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486425153

Category: Mathematics

Page: 170

View: 2211

An intriguing look at the "impossible" geometric constructions (those that defy completion with just a ruler and a compass), this book covers angle trisection and circle division. 1970 edition.

Famous Problems of Elementary Geometry

Author: Felix Klein

Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.

ISBN: 1602064172

Category: Mathematics

Page: 96

View: 2508

"This short book, first published in 1897, addresses three geometry puzzles that have been passed down from ancient times. Written for high school students, this book aims to show a younger audience why math should matter and to make the problems found in math intriguing. Klein presents for his readers an investigation of the possibility or impossibility of finding solutions for the following problems in light of mathematics available to him: duplication of the cube trisection of an angle quadrature of the circle Mathematicians and students of the history of math will find this an intriguing work. German mathematician FELIX KLEIN (1849 1925), a great teacher and scientific thinker, significantly advanced the field of mathematical physics and made a number of profound discoveries in the field of geometry. His published works include Elementary Mathematics from an Advanced Standpoint: Arithmetic, Algebra, Analysis and Elementary Mathematics from an Advanced Standpoint: Geometry."

A First Course in Partial Differential Equations with Complex Variables and Transform Methods

Author: Hans F. Weinberger

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486686400

Category: Mathematics

Page: 486

View: 2734

Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, this text presents the general properties of partial differential equations, including the elementary theory of complex variables. Topics include one-dimensional wave equation, properties of elliptic and parabolic equations, separation of variables and Fourier series, nonhomogeneous problems, and analytic functions of a complex variable. Solutions. 1965 edition.

How to Solve It

Author: G. Polya

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400828678

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 7054

A perennial bestseller by eminent mathematician G. Polya, How to Solve It will show anyone in any field how to think straight. In lucid and appealing prose, Polya reveals how the mathematical method of demonstrating a proof or finding an unknown can be of help in attacking any problem that can be "reasoned" out—from building a bridge to winning a game of anagrams. Generations of readers have relished Polya's deft—indeed, brilliant—instructions on stripping away irrelevancies and going straight to the heart of the problem.