From the Land of Green Ghosts

Author: Pascal Khoo Thwe

Publisher: Harper Perennial

ISBN: 9780060505233

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 336

View: 5846

In 1988, Dr. John Casey, a professor visiting Burma, meets a waiter in Mandalay with a passion for the works of James Joyce, and the encounter changes both their lives. Pascal, a member of the Kayan Padaung tribe, was the first member of his community to study English at a university. Within months of his meeting with Dr. Casey, Pascal's world lay in ruins. Burma's military dictatorship forces him to sacrifice his studies, and the regime's brutal armed forces murder his lover. Fleeing to the jungle, he becomes a guerrilla fighter in the life-or-death struggle against the government. In desperation, he writes a letter to the Englishman he met in Mandalay. Miraculously reaching its destination, the letter leads to Pascal's rescue and his enrollment in Cambridge University, where he is the first Burmese tribesman ever to attend. From the Land of Green Ghosts unforgettably evokes the realities of life in modern-day Burma and one man's long journey to freedom despite almost unimaginable odds.


Author: Sao Sanda Simms



Category: History

Page: 476

View: 4843

Written from a Tai/Shan perspective, the intricate and often unsettled realities that existed in the Shan States from early times up to the military coup in 1962 are described in a comprehensive overview of the stresses and strains that the Shan princes endured from early periods of monarchs and wars, under British rule and Japanese occupation, and Independence and Bamar military regime. Part One covers chronological events relating them to the rulers, the antagonists, and the people and the continuing conflict in the Shan State. Part Two deals with the 34 Tai/Shan rulers, describing their histories, lives, and work. Included are photographs and family trees of the princes, revealing a span of Shan history, before being lost in the mists of time. The past is explained in order that the present political situations may be understood and resolved amicably between the Bamar government, the Tatmadaw, and the ethnic nationalities. NOTES <5> ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS <7> CONTENTS <9> THE AUTHOR <15> MAPS <17> § Map 1: Political Divisions, Union of Burma, 1948 <17> § Map 2: Location of Shan States, 1939 <18> § Map 3: Resources of the Shan Plateau <19> § Map 4: Major Ethnic Groups of Burma <20> PREFACE <21> ACKNOWLEDGEMENT <23> PART ONE: Background Chapter One: The Early Period <26> § The Shan Plateau <26> § Migrations <27> § The Early Ava Court <28> § Differences <30> § Mutual Respect <32> § The Limbin Confederacy 1886 <33> § British Annexation <34> § Under the British 36<> § Changing Times <36> Chapter Two: British Rule <41> § The Watershed 1922 <41> § Burma Round Table Conference 1931-1932 <43> § Federated Council of Shan Chiefs <45> § The Feudal Lords <47> § The Privy Purse <48> § Contentment? <50> § Some Progress <51> Chapter three: The Interim <58> § A Storm Approaches <58> § Enter the Japanese <58> § Japanese Occupation <60> § Distrust <63> § Return of the British <64> § SCOUHP 1946 <68> § Attlee-Aung San Treaty <69> § Anti-feudalists <70> § Namkham U Htun Aye <73> Chapter Four: Panglong and After <77> § The Panglong Agreement of 1947 <77> § Committee of Inquiry 1947 <79> § Tragedy <80> § Constituent Assembly <81> § Selecting a President <82> § Insurgency <84> Chapter Five: Ten Long Years <91> § Disenchantment <91> § To Secede or Not, 1958 <93> § Tatmadaw's Soft Approach <95> § The 1959 Abdications <96> § New Elections <97> Chapter Six: Without Trust <103> § The Federal Proposal <103> § U Tun Myint <105> § No Compromise <107> § The Coup d'etat 1962 <110> PART TWO: GUARDIANS OF THE SHAN PLATEAU Chapter Seven: The Northern Shan States <121> § Hsipaw State <121> o Fate Unknown <121> o Hsipaw State <123> o The Saohpa Long <124> o Strained Relations <126> o Japanese Occupation <127> o The Tabaung Festivals <128> § Hsenwi State <140> o Hsenwi Saohpa Long <140> o Japanese Disapproval <141> o Flight to Safety <142> o Shan-Kachin <144> o Burma Road <145> o Dr. Gordon Seagrave (1897-1965) <146> § Mong Yai State <155> o A Kingdom Lost <155> o Hsenwi Divided <155> § Mong Mit State <164> o An Accomplished Prince <164> o The Saohpa Long <165> o Japanese Occupation <167> o Rubies <168> o Teak Forests <169> § Tawngpeng State <176> o The Palaung/Ta'ang <176> o Tawngpeng and its Saohpa <177> o The Namtu/Bawdwin Mines <180> o Not for Export <181> o Tea: a Drink or a Salad? <182> o An Episode <183> Chapter Eight: The Eastern Shan States <193> § Kengtung State <193> o Largest Mong <193> o Mangrai Descendants <194> o Kengtung Saohpa Long <195> o Close Ties <197> o Tai Khun and Tai-Lu <198> o The Kuomintang (KMT) <199> § Mong Pan State <216> § Kokang State <219> o Into the Fold <219> o The House of Yang <220> o The Next Generation <221> o Jimmy Yang <222> o The New Order <224> Chapter Nine: The Inner Shan States <233> § Isolation <233> § Mong Nai State <234> o Once Powerful <234> o Massacre <234> § Laikha State <242> o A Gracious Host <242> o A State of Many Names <243> o A Learned Abbot <245> § Mawkmai State <250> o A Charismatic Prince <250> § Mong Nawng/Mong Nong State <255> o Separated from Hsenwi <255> o Privy Purse <255> § Mong Kung State <262> o Appointed Saohpa in 1928 <262> § Mong Hsu State <271> o Actively Involved <271> o Mong Hsu Rubies <272> § Kesi Mansam State <274> o Warrior Princes <274> o Outstanding Career <276> § Tai Shan Resistance <282> o Noom Suk Harn <282> o The Golden Triangle <285> Chapter ten: The Central Shan States <292> § Yawnghwe State <292> o The Saohpa Long <292> o Hands-tied <294> o Yawnghwe Founded in 1394 <295> o Enter the British <297> o Phaung Daw U Poy <299> o Inle Needs Saving <300> § Mong Pawn State <316> o An Able Statesman <316> o The Mong Pawn Dynasty <316> o The Kyemmong <318> § Hsahtung State <325> o Remarkable Prince <325> o Advocating Unity <326> o Untimely Death <328> o The Pa-O <328> o Restlessness <330> § Lawksawk State <337> o Saohpa of Stature <337> o Japanese Courtesy <338> § Samka State <345> o Ancient Samka <345> o A Devoted Buddhist <345> § Loi Long/Pinlaung State <352> o Mountainous Region <352> o Combating Insurgents <353> § Nawngmawn State <356> o Sao Htun Yin <357> Namhkok State <359> § Wanyin/Banyin State <363> § Hopong State <364> § Sakoi State <367> § Mong Pai State <369> o Mong Pai Amalgamated <369> o Mobye Narapati <369> § Attempt at Progress <371> Chapter Eleven: The Mye Lat States: The Middle Lands <373> o Experimental Stations <375> § Hsahmong Kham State <376> o Arrival of the Danu <376> o Defended the State <377> o Politically Involved <378> § Pangtara/Pindaya State <384> o Pindaya Caves <384> o Becomes Saohpa <385> § Baw State <391> o Baw le-hse-le-ywa <391> o An Important Link <391> § Pwehla State <394> o Rulers of Note <394> o Promoted a Jemadar <394> § Pangmi/Pinhmi State <399> o Head Prefect and Kyemmong <399> § Ywangan/Yengan State <405> § Kyong State <411> Chapter Twelve: Sharing the Plateau <413> § The Two Wa States <413> o Introduction <413> § Mong Lun/Mong Lon State <415> o A Wise Ruler <415> o Eastern Special Region No. 4 <417> § Northern Wa States <419> o UWSP and UWSA <420> § The Karenni/Kayah State <421> o Three Karenni States <421> o Kantarawadi <423> o Bawlake <424> o Kyebogyi <425> o Becomes Kayah State <425> o Karenni's Wealth <427> § Diverse Communities <435> o Tribes and Kinships <435> o Troubled Relationships <436> o Akha <437> o Lahu <438> o Lisu <438> o Tai Neu <439> o Diversion <439> o Muong Sing to Luang Namtha <439> o First Encounter <440> o Tiger Women <442> o Sign Language <443> o A Holy Man <443> EPILOGUE <450> § Presidency <450> § Panglong Agreement and Federalism <451> § Ethnic Issues <451> § Conclusion <453> APPENDICES <454> § Appendix 1: The Panglong Agreement 1947 <455> § Appendix 2: Sao Harn Yawnghwe's Account <457> § Appendix 3: Sao Shwe Thaike's Letter, 1960 <463> § Appendix 4: Letter from Saohpa Sir Sao Mawng, 1926 <464> § Appendix 5: Letter Showing Shan Concern, 1947 <465> TABLES <466> § Table 1: Land area and money: the Shan States in 1939 <467> § Table 2: Approximate dates of reigns of rulers from British Annexation in 1887 <469> GLOSSARY 472 REFERENCES 474

The Shan

Author: Bernice Koehler Johnson

Publisher: Trinity Matrix Publishing

ISBN: 0981783309

Category: Burma

Page: 252

View: 8439

A mix of memoir, travelogue, and history, "The Shan" recounts the trials and triumphs of Shan youth, who have escaped slow genocide in Burma by fleeing to Thailand. The refugees' stories are interspersed with reminiscences from the author's own life.

Myanmar (Burma) since 1962: the Failure of Development

Author: Peter John Perry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351916122

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 5251

Why has Myanmar (Burma), a country rich in resources - rice, timber, minerals - descended to 'least developed country' status? Is the explanation to be found inside Burma or beyond? Is the failure of development due to political authoritarianism and conflict? Or perhaps the drugs trade is partly to blame? This book contends that all these factors have contributed. But it also maintains that the mismanagement of the country's resources is of equal, or even greater, importance. A clear answer to the question of Burma's developmental failure is sought by focussing upon the misuse of resources in concert with those factors that are more usually emphasized.

The Nature of Things Post Truth

Author: N. Micklem

Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1788039580

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 2469

Who am I? What do I make of it all? What am I supposed to do now? These three linked questions are fundamental to our lives as humans. Science, religion and philosophy all have something to say about these questions, but they don’t all say the same thing. They don’t even agree about the nature of a human being. The Nature of Things Post Truth looks at each of these questions in turn and then considers the question whether the saying ‘exercise your gift for others’ might be a practical answer to the question, what am I supposed to do now? And points out how it differs from the rule of thumb 'do as you would be done by' commonly used in Christian and other circles as the basis of how we should live our lives. The human race lives in anxious times -- hunger and cruelty and fear always in the news, sometimes close to home. The author takes this as read and gives as a bird’s eye view: it is greed that makes the world go round. Greed and envy. It is not just the money. There are some things which are frequently thought, but never mentioned: too many people trying to live in the world; too many living too long for their own good; religions falling down on the job. This book is about questions which trouble humans from their early teenage years. It is about religion but it is about a great deal more than religion. It encompasses religion and philosophy, and science, especially neuroscience. It is a book for religious persons with minds ajar to the evidence that evolution actually happened, and is happening still.

Life Stories: A Guide to Reading Interests in Memoirs, Autobiographies, and Diaries

Author: Maureen O'Connor

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610691466

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 723

View: 7104

Memoirs, autobiographies, and diaries represent the most personal and most intimate of genres, as well as one of the most abundant and popular. Gain new understanding and better serve your readers with this detailed genre guide to nearly 700 titles that also includes notes on more than 2,800 read-alike and other related titles. • A list of subjects and suggested "read-alikes" accompany each title • Appendixes cover awards, websites, and resources • Detailed indexes provide further points of access

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

Author: Donald M. Seekins

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1538101831

Category: History

Page: 684

View: 8683

This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar) contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 700 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture.

The Art of Not Being Governed

Author: James C. Scott

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300156529

Category: Social Science

Page: 465

View: 9333

From the acclaimed author and scholar James C. Scott, the compelling tale of Asian peoples who until recently have stemmed the vast tide of state-making to live at arm’s length from any organized state society For two thousand years the disparate groups that now reside in Zomia (a mountainous region the size of Europe that consists of portions of seven Asian countries) have fled the projects of the organized state societies that surround them—slavery, conscription, taxes, corvée labor, epidemics, and warfare. This book, essentially an “anarchist history,” is the first-ever examination of the huge literature on state-making whose author evaluates why people would deliberately and reactively remain stateless. Among the strategies employed by the people of Zomia to remain stateless are physical dispersion in rugged terrain; agricultural practices that enhance mobility; pliable ethnic identities; devotion to prophetic, millenarian leaders; and maintenance of a largely oral culture that allows them to reinvent their histories and genealogies as they move between and around states. In accessible language, James Scott, recognized worldwide as an eminent authority in Southeast Asian, peasant, and agrarian studies, tells the story of the peoples of Zomia and their unlikely odyssey in search of self-determination. He redefines our views on Asian politics, history, demographics, and even our fundamental ideas about what constitutes civilization, and challenges us with a radically different approach to history that presents events from the perspective of stateless peoples and redefines state-making as a form of “internal colonialism.” This new perspective requires a radical reevaluation of the civilizational narratives of the lowland states. Scott’s work on Zomia represents a new way to think of area studies that will be applicable to other runaway, fugitive, and marooned communities, be they Gypsies, Cossacks, tribes fleeing slave raiders, Marsh Arabs, or San-Bushmen.

Asian American Religious Cultures [2 volumes]

Author: Jonathan H. X. Lee,Fumitaka Matsuoka,Edmond Yee,Ronald Y. Nakasone

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598843311

Category: Religion

Page: 1060

View: 3210

A resource ideal for students as well as general readers, this two-volume encyclopedia examines the diversity of the Asian American and Pacific Islander spiritual experience. • Covers both common motifs in Asian American religious culture, such as Chinese New Year festivals and mortuary rituals, as well as many newly established faith traditions • Contains entries on rarely addressed topics within Asian American religion, such as Hezhen Shamanism

Myanmar (Burma) since the 1988 Uprising

Author: Andrew Selth

Publisher: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute

ISBN: 9814951781

Category: Reference

Page: 370

View: 1904

Updated by popular demand, this is the fourth edition of this important bibliography. It lists a wide selection of works on or about Myanmar published in English and in hard copy since the 1988 pro-democracy uprising, which marked the beginning of a new era in Myanmar’s modern history. There are now 2,727 titles listed. They have been written, edited, translated or compiled by over 2,000 people, from many different backgrounds. These works have been organized into thirty-five subject chapters containing ninety-five discrete sections. There are also four appendices, including a comprehensive reading guide for those unfamiliar with Myanmar or who may be seeking guidance on particular topics. This book is an invaluable aid to officials, scholars, journalists, armchair travellers and others with an interest in this fascinating but deeply troubled country.