Connecting science and knowledge

Author: Kaspar von Greyerz,Silvia Flubacher,Philipp Senn

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3847101714

Category: Education

Page: 387

View: 2330


English summary: The volume presents a collection of revised and updated contributions to an international conference held in October 2011 on current issues in historical research on early modern knowledge and science and their connections. It looks at the various ways, in which the 'new science' was embedded in traditions, on the on the hand, and concentrates on the joint role of experts and lay persons in its making, on the other. It highlights in particular the various forms of early modern natural history, scientific treatises in a narrower sense of the term, tradiions going back to antiquity, travel accounts, chronicles, correspondences, naturalia, oral accounts and personal observations, which mirror the dialectic relationship between learned and popular knowledge. The relationship of knowledge and science is investigated in particular in connection with early modern balneology and attempts at systematizing knowledge about animals. German description: Dieser Band widmet sich aktuellen Forschungsaspekten von Wissens- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, insbesondere den inneren Zusammenhangen von popularem Wissen und Wissenschaft. Einerseits werden Anbindungen der Neuen Wissenschaft an Traditionen in den Blick genommen, andererseits die Teilhabe von Experten und Laien an deren Herausbildung. Die verschiedenen Formate fruhneuzeitlicher Naturgeschichtsschreibung - wissenschaftliche Traktate, antike Uberlieferungen, Reisebeschreibungen, Chroniken, Korrespondenzen, Naturalien, mundliche Erzahlungen oder eigene Beobachtungen - vermitteln einen Eindruck der wechselseitigen Beziehungen zwischen gelehrtem und popularem Wissen. Das Verhaltnis von Wissen und Wissenschaft wird insbesondere an den Beispielen balneologischer und tierkundlicher Wissensbestande genauer analysiert.

Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? / Ist gerechtfertigte, wahre Überzeugung Wissen?

Author: Edmund L. Gettier

Publisher: Reclam Verlag

ISBN: 3159614948

Category: Philosophy

Page: 96

View: 8678


Edmund Gettier musste in den 1960er Jahren eine Veröffentlichung vorlegen, um seinen Arbeitsplatz als Philosophiedozent behalten zu dürfen: Er schrieb ein dreiseitiges Papier, das bis heute zu den am meisten diskutierten philosophischen Aufsätzen überhaupt gehört: Er erschütterte die damals weithin akzeptierte Position, Wissen sei gerechtfertigte, wahre Überzeugung. Seitdem ist es eine philosophische Binsenweisheit, dass Wissen eben gerade nicht gerechtfertigte, wahre Überzeugung ist. Wer sich mit Erkenntnistheorie beschäftigt, muss dieses Papier und seine Deutungsgeschichte kennen. Die Reihe Great Papers Philosophie bietet bahnbrechende Aufsätze der Philosophie: - Eine zeichengenaue, zitierfähige Wiedergabe des Textes (fremdsprachiges Original, verlinkt mit einer neuen Übersetzung). - Eine philosophiegeschichtliche Einordnung: Wie dachte man früher über das Problem? Welche Veränderung bewirkte der Aufsatz? Wie denkt man heute darüber? - Eine Analyse des Textes bzw. eine Rekonstruktion seiner Argumentationsstruktur, gefolgt von einem Abschnitt über den Autor sowie ein kommentiertes Literaturverzeichnis. E-Book mit Seitenzählung der gedruckten UB-Ausgabe sowie mit Originalpaginierung.

Knowledge First

Author: J. Adam Carter,Emma C. Gordon,Benjamin Jarvis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191025615

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 1793


'Knowledge-First' constitutes what is widely regarded as one of the most significant innovations in contemporary epistemology in the past 25 years. Knowledge-first epistemology is the idea that knowledge per se should not be analysed in terms of its constituent parts (e.g., justification, belief), but rather that these and other notions should be analysed in terms of the concept of knowledge. This volume features a substantive introduction and 13 original essays from leading and up-and-coming philosophers on the topic of knowledge-first philosophy. The contributors' essays range from foundational issues to applications of this project to other disciplines including the philosophy of mind, the philosophy of perception, ethics and action theory. Knowledge First: Approaches in Epistemology and Mind aims to provide a relatively open-ended forum for creative and original scholarship with the potential to contribute and advance debates connected with this philosophical project.

Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XXIII

Author: J. Henno

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 160750992X

Category: Computers

Page: 452

View: 9361


Information modelling and knowledge bases have become hot topics, not only in academic communities concerned with information systems and computer science, but also wherever information technology is applied in the world of business. This book presents the proceedings of the 21st European-Japanese Conference on Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases (EJC 2011), held in Tallinn, Estonia, in June 2011. The EJC conferences provide a worldwide forum for researchers and practitioners in the field to exchange results and experiences achieved in computer science and related disciplines such as conceptual analysis, design and specification of information systems, multimedia information modelling, multimedia systems, software engineering, knowledge and process management, cross cultural communication and context modelling. Attention is also paid to theoretical disciplines including cognitive science, artificial intelligence, logic, linguistics and analytical philosophy. The selected papers (16 full papers, 9 short papers, 2 papers based on panel sessions and 2 on invited presentations), cover a wide range of topics, including database semantics, knowledge representation, software engineering, www information management, context-based information retrieval, ontology, image databases, temporal and spatial databases, document data management, process management, cultural modelling and many others. Covering many aspects of system modelling and optimization, this book will be of interest to all those working in the field of information modelling and knowledge bases.

Handbook of Research on Knowledge Management for Contemporary Business Environments

Author: Malheiro, Armando,Ribeiro, Fernanda,Leal Jamil, George,Rascao, Jose Pocas,Mealha, Oscar

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522537260

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 438

View: 2338


Information is considered essential in every business model, which is why staying abreast of the latest resources can help combat many challenges and aid businesses in creating a synthesis between people and information, keeping up with evolving technologies, and keeping data accurate and secure. The Handbook of Research on Knowledge Management for Contemporary Business Environments is a critical scholarly publication that examines the management of knowledge resources in modern business contexts. Including a wide range of topics such as information systems, sustainable competitive advantage, and knowledge sharing, this publication is a vital reference source for managers, academicians, researchers, and students seeking current research on strategies that are able to manage the information in more than one context for present and future generations.

Competing with Knowledge

Author: Angela Abell,Nigel Oxbrow

Publisher: Facet Publishing

ISBN: 1856045838

Category: Information literacy

Page: 288

View: 1660


Knowledge management (KM) is probably the first major management trend to identify information and its management as a crucial element in the success of an organization. In order for information professionals to participate fully in KM initiatives, or to be able to take advantage of the concept to improve the effective application of their skills, both the professionals and management need a good understanding of the KM approach and the information related roles within that framework. This book focuses on the potential role of the information professional in the KM environment and, using plenty of case studies, considers: the knowledge context - creating knowledge based environments in a range of sectors powering information: the role of information skills in KM. Readership: This book will make topical reading not only for those seeking career development through KM but for all information professionals wondering exactly what it is and how it will affect their work. LIS graduates and postgraduates will also be potential readers. Published in association with TFPL Ltd TFPL Ltd have been researching KM since 1996 and have monitored developments in Europe and the USA. They have recently completed an international research project looking at the skills required for the successful implementation of knowledge management.

Knowledge Management

Author: Shaofeng Liu

Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers

ISBN: 0749496878

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 1446


As knowledge economies become increasingly important around the world, it is essential that organizations are able to transform their knowledge into a competitive advantage. This textbook offers an interdisciplinary approach to knowledge management written specifically for postgraduate students in business and management schools. Knowledge Management presents classic and advanced concepts, models and frameworks using a clear logical structure, which covers building knowledge competence, the knowledge lifecycle, and integration of knowledge management with business decision making. An overall framework illustrates links between chapters and ensures readers can gain a body of actionable knowledge rather than learning isolated, uncontextualized topics. Based on cutting-edge research findings and covering the most advanced IT and IS technologies, this book emphasises the need for knowledge management to span boundaries across organizations, supply chains and partnerships, rather than being limited to individual learning and sharing within businesses. Knowledge Management is international in scope and includes real world case studies and role play scenarios to show how theories are applied in practice, and "think back" and "critique discussion" questions to encourage reflective learning and critical thinking. This indispensable text provides a dynamic picture of the evolution of knowledge management and demonstrates its full potential to enable better business decisions. Accompanying online resources include PowerPoint slides for lecturers and exercise questions for students.

Knowledge, Space, Economy

Author: John Bryson,Peter Daniels,Nick Henry,Jane Pollard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134656777

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 3355


First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Governing And Managing Knowledge In Asia (2nd Edition)

Author: Thomas Menkhoff,Hans-dieter Evers,Yue Wah Chay

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814466263

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 396

View: 2209


The field of knowledge for development now occupies a top position on the agenda of all Asian governments as well as large development organizations. This book reflects this mega-trend of development towards KBEs (Knowledge Based Economies). For this 2nd edition all chapters have been thoroughly edited and data, tables and graphs have been updated to reflect the latest available statistics. Trends have been re-evaluated and adjusted to reflect recent developments in the fast-moving scene of knowledge governance and knowledge management.

Design and Development of Knowledge Management for Manufacturing

Author: K. Ganesh,Sanjay Mohapatra,S. Nagarajan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319028928

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 194

View: 623


This book examines the modules/elements required before implementing knowledge management solutions in typical manufacturing and service industry. The objective is to develop a framework, design and model suitable for all requirements and a strategy to properly implement. Related case studies from organizations are included, with the results provided to use as a solution to problems experienced when implementing knowledge management in the industry. Implementing a knowledge management system can be complex and dynamic, no matter how well planned and developed. Inevitably a degree of organizational inertia is focused on the current state rather than the new. Within an enterprise, personal and group involvement and interests process status and technology landscape can deflect the commitment needed to successfully implement such a system. Cumulative evidence from past research in knowledge management suggests that effective implementation of KM solution in any organization requires a robust designs and models for various critical elements of process, people and technology. Using the techniques provided in this book, readers should be able to design knowledge management strategies, to align objectives of the KM initiatives with their business goals.