Perceptions of Criminal Justice

Author: Vicky De Mesmaecker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134618689

Category: Social Science

Page: 170

View: 2056


In recent decades, research into the legitimacy of criminal justice has convincingly demonstrated the importance of procedural justice to citizens’ sense of trust and confidence in legal authorities and their resulting willingness to conform to the law and cooperate with the legal authorities. Reversing the age-old question ‘why do people break the law?’, theories of procedural justice have provided insight into the factors that encourage people to abide by the law, suggesting that experiences of procedural fairness are crucial to achieving compliance with the law and to enhancing the legitimacy of criminal justice. While these studies are important in showing that legal authorities need to pay attention to the fairness judgements of the people involved in legal procedures, the focus on showing the importance of procedural justice has had the ironic consequence of distracting researchers from studying the equally important question of what fairness means to the people involved in legal proceedings. In one of the first studies on procedural justice to use a qualitative research design, the author provides the reader with detailed and insightful descriptions of the elements that determine how victims and defendants assess the fairness of their contact with the police and the courts. Focusing on both the pre-trial and the post-trial phases, this book will be of interest to academics and students engaged in the study of the psychology of law, procedural justice and the legitimacy of criminal justice.

Perceptions of Criminal Justice

Author: Vicky De Mesmaecker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134618611

Category: Social Science

Page: 170

View: 2531


In recent decades, research into the legitimacy of criminal justice has convincingly demonstrated the importance of procedural justice to citizens’ sense of trust and confidence in legal authorities and their resulting willingness to conform to the law and cooperate with the legal authorities. Reversing the age-old question ‘why do people break the law?’, theories of procedural justice have provided insight into the factors that encourage people to abide by the law, suggesting that experiences of procedural fairness are crucial to achieving compliance with the law and to enhancing the legitimacy of criminal justice. While these studies are important in showing that legal authorities need to pay attention to the fairness judgements of the people involved in legal procedures, the focus on showing the importance of procedural justice has had the ironic consequence of distracting researchers from studying the equally important question of what fairness means to the people involved in legal proceedings. In one of the first studies on procedural justice to use a qualitative research design, the author provides the reader with detailed and insightful descriptions of the elements that determine how victims and defendants assess the fairness of their contact with the police and the courts. Focusing on both the pre-trial and the post-trial phases, this book will be of interest to academics and students engaged in the study of the psychology of law, procedural justice and the legitimacy of criminal justice.

Perceptions of Female Offenders

Author: Brenda Russell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461458714

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 1630


​Female offenders are often perceived as victims who commit crimes as a self-defense mechanism or as criminal deviants whose actions strayed from typical ‘womanly’ behavior. Such cultural norms for violence exist in our gendered society and there has been scholarly debate about how male and female offenders are perceived and how this perception leads to differential treatment in the criminal justice system. This debate is primarily based upon theories associated with stereotypes and social norms and how these prescriptive norms can influence both public and criminal justice response. Scholars in psychology, sociology, and criminology have found that female offenders are perceived differently than male offenders and this ultimately leads to differential treatment in the criminal justice system. This interdisciplinary book provides an evidence based approach of how female offenders are perceived in society and how this translates to differential treatment within the criminal justice system and explores the ramifications of such differences. Quite often perceptions of female offenders are at odds with research findings. This book will provide a comprehensive evidence-based review of the research that is valuable to laypersons, researchers, practitioners, advocates, treatment providers, lawyers, judges, and anyone interested in equality in the criminal justice system. ​

Profiling and Criminal Justice in America

Author: Jeffrey B. Bumgarner

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1851094695

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 5203


A much-needed reference work on one of the hottest subjects today—profiling and its use and misuse by legal and police authorities. * Includes a chronology of key events in American criminal justice including discussions of key court cases, developments in criminal procedure, the development of sentencing guidelines, civil rights milestones, and examples of court-sanctioned profiling such as the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II * Includes brief biographies of key people such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Douglas, Jesse Jackson, and Janet Reno

Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics (1994)

Author: DIANE Publishing Company

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788128547

Category:

Page: 701

View: 8107


This annual Sourcebook brings together data of interest to the criminal justice community. A compilation of information from a variety of sources. The book has six sections: 1. Characteristics of the Criminal Justice System, 2. Public Attitude Toward Crime & Criminal Justice-related Topics, 3. Nature & Distribution of Known Offenses, 4. Characteristics & Distribution of Persons Arrested, 5. Judicial Processing of Defendants, 6. Persons Under Correctional Supervision. Over 400 charts & Tables.

Understanding Public Attitudes to Criminal Justice

Author: Mike Hough,Julian Roberts

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335225802

Category: Law

Page: 180

View: 3593


Which factors shape public opinion of criminal justice? How do the views of the public influence criminal justice policy and practice? This book provides an introduction to public attitudes towards criminal justice. It explores the public’s lack of confidence in criminal justice processes, and summarizes findings on public attitudes towards the three principal components of the criminal process: the police, the courts, and the prison system. It examines the importance that people attach to different criminal justice functions, such as preventing crime, prosecuting and punishing offenders, and protecting the public. Topics include: Youth justice and public opinion Public perception of restorative justice Penal populism and media treatment of crime The reliability of public opinion polls The drivers of public opinion Understanding Public Attitudes to Criminal Justice provides an international perspective on the issues surrounding criminal justice and public opinion, drawing on research from the UK, the United States and Canada and a range of other countries including South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Key reading for students in criminology, criminal justice, and media studies, this book is also of value to researchers and those with an interest in crime and the media.

The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment

Author: Wesley G. Jennings

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111851971X

Category: Social Science

Page: 1448

View: 8592


The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment provides the most comprehensive reference for a vast number of topics relevant to crime and punishment with a unique focus on the multi/interdisciplinary and international aspects of these topics and historical perspectives on crime and punishment around the world. Named as one of Choice's Outstanding Academic Titles of 2016 Comprising nearly 300 entries, this invaluable reference resource serves as the most up-to-date and wide-ranging resource on crime and punishment Offers a global perspective from an international team of leading scholars, including coverage of the strong and rapidly growing body of work on criminology in Europe, Asia, and other areas Acknowledges the overlap of criminology and criminal justice with a number of disciplines such as sociology, psychology, epidemiology, history, economics, and public health, and law Entry topics are organized around 12 core substantive areas: international aspects, multi/interdisciplinary aspects, crime types, corrections, policing, law and justice, research methods, criminological theory, correlates of crime, organizations and institutions (U.S.), victimology, and special populations Organized, authored and Edited by leading scholars, all of whom come to the project with exemplary track records and international standing 3 Volumes www.crimeandpunishmentencyclopedia.com

Media, Crime, and Criminal Justice

Author: Ray Surette

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305177959

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 8238


MEDIA, CRIME, AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE is the definitive text on media and criminal justice. The book features impeccable scholarship, a direct and approachable style, and an engaging format--supported by visual examples and sidebar material that complements the narrative. With the ever-increasing role of media in both reporting crime and shaping it into infotainment, the importance of the interplay between contemporary media and the criminal justice system is greater today than ever before. Author Ray Surette comprehensively surveys this interplay and showcases its impact, emphasizing that people use media-provided knowledge to construct a picture of the world and then act based on this constructed reality. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.