Aristotle and Philoponus on Light

Author: Jean De Groot

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317380622

Category: Philosophy

Page: 158

View: 9780

Originally published in 1991. Philoponus’ long commentary on Aristotle’s definition of light sets up the major concerns, both in optics and theory of light, that are discussed here. Light was of special interest in Neoplatonism because of its being something incorporeal in the world of natural bodies. Light therefore had a special role in the philosophical analysis of the interpenetration of bodies and was also a paradigm for the soul-body problem. The book contains much about the physiology of vision as well as the propagation of light. Several chapters investigate the philosophical theory behind what came to be known as ‘multiplication of species’ in medieval light theory. These issues in the history of science are placed within an analysis of Neoplatonic development of the distinction between Aristotle’s kinesis and energeia. The book treats Philoponus’ philosophy of mathematical science from the point of view of matter, quantity, and three-dimensionality.

Theory of Spherical Vortices

Author: Paolo Giovanetti

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 024457958X

Category: Science

Page: 190

View: 1741

Unification has always been before our eyes, hidden in plain sight. “Theory of Spherical Vortices” it's a masterpiece that originates from the Ideas, those of the great philosophers of the past, such as Parmenides or Plato. In this work these Ideas are contemplated and brought back to their original lost meaning... a revolutionary work, exploring the transformation of human knowledge over time, clashing with and criticizing some results of the much acclaimed scientific revolution: - are we really sure of the non-existence of the Aether, of the expansion of the Universe, of the many dogmas given to us by science? - we replaced the ancient “ipse dixit” with the modern “science says so”... was it worth it? Told in a language that we can all understand, with beautiful explanatory images, “Theory of Spherical Vortices” unveals the essence of Gravitation, of the dual nature of Light, of the fundamental Interaction, of the primigenial Principle underlying the Creation, common constituent principle of both Matter and Energy.

The Tests of Time

Author: Lisa M. Dolling,Arthur F. Gianelli,Glenn N. Statile

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691090856

Category: Science

Page: 762

View: 8902

The development of physical theory is one of our greatest intellectual achievements. Its products--the currently prevailing theories of physics, astronomy, and cosmology--have proved themselves to possess intrinsic beauty and to have enormous explanatory and predictive power. This anthology of primary readings chronicles the birth and maturation of five such theories (the heliocentric theory, the electromagnetic field theory, special and general relativity, quantum theory, and the big bang theory) in the words of the scientists who brought them to life. It is the first historical account that captures the rich substance of these theories, each of which represents a fascinating story of the interplay of evidence and insight--and of dialogue among great minds. Readers sit in with Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo as they overturn the geocentric universe; observe the genius of Faraday and Maxwell as they "discover" the electromagnetic field; look over Einstein's shoulder as he works out the details of relativity; listen in as Einstein and Bohr argue for the soul of quantum mechanics in the Completeness Debate; and watch as Hubble and others reveal the history of the universe. The editors' approach highlights the moments of discovery that rise from scientific creativity, and the presentation humanizes the scientific process, revealing the extent to which great scientists were the first to consider the philosophical implications of their work. But, most significantly, the editors offer this as their central thesis: although each was ushered in by a revolution, and each contains counterintuitive elements that delayed its acceptance, these five theories exhibit a continuous rational development that has led them to a permanent place in the worldview of science. Accessible to the general reader yet sufficiently substantive that working scientists will find value in it, The Tests of Time offers an intimate look into how physical theory has been developed, by the brilliant people who have developed it.

Music and the moderni, 1300–1350

Author: Karen Desmond

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316733289

Category: Music

Page: N.A

View: 9873

Music theorists labelled the musical art of the 1330s and 1340s as 'new' and 'modern'. A close reading of writings on music theory and the polyphonic repertory from the first half of the fourteenth century reveals a modern musical art that arose due to specific innovations in music notation. The French ars nova employed as its theoretical fundament a new system for arranging musical time proposed by the astronomer and mathematician Jean des Murs. Challenging prevailing accounts of the ars nova, this book presents the 'new art' within the intellectual context of its time, revises the datings of Jean des Murs's writings on music theory, and presents the intersection of theory and practice for a crucial era in the history of music. Through contemporaneous accounts, Desmond explores how individuals were involved in 'changing' music in early fourteenth-century France, and the technical developments they pursued that precipitated this stylistic change.

Routledge Library Editions: Aristotle

Author: Various

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317380576

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1990

View: 528

Reissuing works originally published between 1938 and 1993, this set offers a range of scholarship covering Aristotle’s logic, virtues and mathematics as well as a consideration of De Anima and of his work on physics, specifically light. The first two books are in themselves a pair, which investigate the philosopher’s life and his lost works and development of his thought.

Philosophy, God and Motion

Author: Simon Oliver

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134237545

Category: Philosophy

Page: 331

View: 1826

In the post-Newtonian world motion is assumed to be a simple category which relates to the locomotion of bodies in space, and is usually associated only with physics. This book shows this to be a relatively recent understanding of motion and that prior to the scientific revolution motion was a broader and more mysterious category, applying to moral as well as physical movements. Simon Oliver presents fresh interpretations of key figures in the history of western thought including Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas and Newton, examining the thinkers’ handling of the concept of motion. Through close readings of seminal texts in ancient and medieval cosmology and early modern natural philosophy, the books moves from antique to modern times investigating how motion has been of great significance within theology, philosophy and science. Particularly important is the relation between motion and God, following Aristotle traditional doctrines of God have understood the divine as the ‘unmoved mover’ while post-Holocaust theologians have suggested that in order to be compassionate God must undergo the motion of suffering. The text argues that there may be an authentically theological, as well as a natural scientific understanding of motion. This volume will prove a major contribution to theology, the history of Christian thought and to the growing field of science and religion.

Causation and the Principle of Sufficient Reason

Author: Mike Hockney

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 1326181300

Category: Reference

Page: N.A

View: 9722

The cleverest people in the world are those most capable of making the least expected connections between apparently disparate things. This book explains how light, life, mind, souls, causation, motion, energy, ontological mathematics and ontological reason are all synonymous. Are you one of the rare few capable of seeing the light? Can you see the hidden mathematical order beneath the Grand Illusion presented to our senses? Only those on the verge of Enlightenment have any hope of understanding ontological mathematics, the science of the soul, the science of the unseen light of the Universal Mind. It’s all in the math. "If then you do not make yourself equal to God, you cannot apprehend God; for like is known by like." - Hermes Trismegistus

Two Logics

Author: Henry B. Veatch

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3868382224

Category: Philosophy

Page: 296

View: 2242

This book is a consideration of the differences between Aristotelian and symbolic logic (and the metaphysical assumptions they come packaged with) and the consequences these have for how we view the world. What Veatch propose is to try to exhibit with respect to several of the key logical tools and devices – propositions, inductive and deductive arguments, scientific and historical explanations, definitions, etc. – how these several instruments are differently conceived, both as to their natures and their functions, in each of these respective logics.

Aristotle's Physics and Its Medieval Varieties

Author: Helen S. Lang

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791410837

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 2929

This book considers the concepts that lay at the heart of natural philosophy and physics from the time of Aristotle until the fourteenth century. The first part presents Aristotelian ideas and the second part presents the interpretation of these ideas by Philoponus, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, John Buridan, and Duns Scotus. Across the eight chapters, the problems and texts from Aristotle that set the stage for European natural philosophy as it was practiced from the thirteenth to the seventeenth centuries are considered first as they appear in Aristotle and then as they are reconsidered in the context of later interests. The study concludes with an anticipation of Newton and the sense in which Aristotle's physics had been transformed.