Planets, Stars, and Orbs

Author: Edward Grant

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521565097

Category: Science

Page: 852

View: 943


Medieval cosmology was a fusion of pagan Greek ideas and Biblical descriptions of the world, especially the creation account in Genesis. Planets, Stars, and Orbs describes medieval conceptions of the cosmos as understood by scholastic theologians and natural philosophers in the universities of Western Europe from the thirteenth to the seventeenth centuries. Not only are the major ideas and arguments of medieval cosmology described and analyzed, but much attention is paid to the responses of scholastic natural philosophers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries to the challenges posed by the new science and astronomy as represented by Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, Galileo, and Kepler.

Galileo and the Conflict between Religion and Science

Author: Gregory W. Dawes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131726889X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 210

View: 9028


For more than 30 years, historians have rejected what they call the ‘warfare thesis’ – the idea that there is an inevitable conflict between religion and science – insisting that scientists and believers can live in harmony. This book disagrees. Taking as its starting point the most famous of all such conflicts, the Galileo affair, it argues that religious and scientific communities exhibit very different attitudes to knowledge. Scripturally based religions not only claim a source of knowledge distinct from human reason. They are also bound by tradition, insist upon the certainty of their beliefs, and are resistant to radical criticism in ways in which the sciences are not. If traditionally minded believers perceive a clash between what their faith tells them and the findings of modern science, they may well do what the Church authorities did in Galileo’s time. They may attempt to close down the science, insisting that the authority of God’s word trumps that of any ‘merely human’ knowledge. Those of us who value science must take care to ensure this does not happen.

Jesuit Science and the Republic of Letters

Author: Mordechai Feingold,Professor of History Mordechai Feingold

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262062343

Category: Religion

Page: 508

View: 2957


A reassessment of the Jesuit contributions to the emergence of the scientificworldview.

The Cambridge History of Science: Volume 2, Medieval Science

Author: David C. Lindberg,Michael H. Shank

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316025470

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 3027


This volume in the highly respected Cambridge History of Science series is devoted to the history of science in the Middle Ages from the North Atlantic to the Indus Valley. Medieval science was once universally dismissed as non-existent - and sometimes it still is. This volume reveals the diversity of goals, contexts and accomplishments in the study of nature during the Middle Ages. Organized by topic and culture, its essays by distinguished scholars offer the most comprehensive and up-to-date history of medieval science currently available. Intended to provide a balanced and inclusive treatment of the medieval world, contributors consider scientific learning and advancement in the cultures associated with the Arabic, Greek, Latin and Hebrew languages. Scientists, historians and other curious readers will all gain a new appreciation for the study of nature during an era that is often misunderstood.

The Oxford History of Classical Reception in English Literature

Author: Rita Copeland

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191077763

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 770

View: 1149


The Oxford History of Classical Reception in English Literature (OHCREL) is designed to offer a comprehensive investigation of the numerous and diverse ways in which literary texts of the classical world have stimulated responses and refashioning by English writers. Covering the full range of English literature from the early Middle Ages to the present day, OHCREL both synthesizes existing scholarship and presents cutting-edge new research, employing an international team of expert contributors for each of the five volumes. OHCREL endeavours to interrogate, rather than inertly reiterate, conventional assumptions about literary 'periods', the processes of canon-formation, and the relations between literary and non-literary discourse. It conceives of 'reception' as a complex process of dialogic exchange and, rather than offering large cultural generalizations, it engages in close critical analysis of literary texts. It explores in detail the ways in which English writers' engagement with classical literature casts as much light on the classical originals as it does on the English writers' own cultural context. This first volume, and fourth to appear in the series, covers the years c.800-1558, and surveys the reception and transformation of classical literary culture in England from the Anglo-Saxon period up to the Henrician era. Chapters on the classics in the medieval curriculum, the trivium and quadrivium, medieval libraries, and medieval mythography provide context for medieval reception. The reception of specific classical authors and traditions is represented in chapters on Virgil, Ovid, Lucan, Statius, the matter of Troy, Boethius, moral philosophy, historiography, biblical epics, English learning in the twelfth century, and the role of antiquity in medieval alliterative poetry. The medieval section includes coverage of Chaucer, Gower, and Lydgate, while the part of the volume dedicated to the later period explores early English humanism, humanist education, and libraries in the Henrician era, and includes chapters that focus on the classicism of Skelton, Douglas, Wyatt, and Surrey.

Handbook to Life in the Medieval World, 3-Volume Set

Author: Madeleine Pelner Cosman,Linda Gale Jones

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438109075

Category:

Page: 987

View: 4867


Capturing the essence of life in great civilizations of the past, each volume in the

Medicine and Magic in Elizabethan London

Author: Lauren Kassell

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191514225

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 9055


Simon Forman (1552-1611) is one of London's most infamous astrologers. He stood apart from the medical elite because he was not formally educated and because he represented, and boldly asserted, medical ideas that were antithetical to those held by most learned physicians. He survived the plague, was consulted thousands of times a year for medical and other questions, distilled strong waters made from beer, herbs, and sometimes chemical ingredients, pursued the philosopher's stone in experiments and ancient texts, and when he was fortunate spoke with angels. He wrote compulsively, documenting his life and protesting his expertise in thousands of pages of notes and treatises. This highly readable book provides the first full account of Forman's papers, makes sense of his notorious reputation, and vividly recovers the world of medicine and magic in Elizabethan London.

Franciscans and the Elixir of Life

Author: Zachary A. Matus

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812249216

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 8898


Franciscans and the Elixir of Life makes new connections between alchemy, ritual life, apocalypticism, and the particular commitment of the Franciscan Order to the natural world.

Theological Quodlibeta in the Middle Ages

Author: Christopher David Schabel

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004162887

Category: History

Page: 808

View: 1016


The second of two volumes on special theological disputations from ca. 1230-1330 in which audience members asked the era's greatest intellectuals questions de quolibet, "about anything." The variety of the material and the authors' stature make the genre uniquely fascinating.