Saladin in Egypt

Author: Yaacov Lēv

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004112216

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 6078

"Saladin in Egypt" provides for medievalists the Middle Eastern context for the rise of Saladin to power and his military, naval and internal policies in Egypt. For scholars of Middle Eastern history it offers a fresh look at the sources and new interpretation for the demise of the Fatimid state.

From Saladin to the Mongols

Author: R. Stephen Humphreys

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780873952637

Category: History

Page: 530

View: 448

Upon the death of Saladin in 1193, his vast empire, stretching from the Yemen to the upper reaches of the Tigris, fell into the hands of his Ayyubid kinsmen. These latter parceled his domains into a number of autonomous principalities, though some common identity was maintained by linking these petty states into a loose confederation, in which each local prince owed allegiance to the senior member of the Ayyubid house. Such an arrangement was, of course, highly unstable, and at first glance Ayyubid history appears to be no more than a succession of unedifying squabbles among countless rival princelings, until at last the family's hegemony was extinguished by two events: 1) a coup d'état staged by the palace guard in Egypt in 1250, and 2) the Mongol occupation of Syria, brief but destructive, in 1260. But appearances to the contrary, the obscure quarrels of Saladin's heirs embodied a political revolution of highest importance in Syro-Egyptian history. The seven decades of Ayyubid rule mark the slow and sometimes violent emergence of a new administrative relationship between Egypt and Syria, one in which Syria was subjected to close centralized control from Cairo for the unprecedented period of 250 years. These years saw also the gradual decay of a form of government--the family confederation--which had been the most characteristic political structure of Western Iran and the Fertile Crescent for three centuries, and its replacement by a unitary autocracy. Finally, it was under the Ayyubids that the army ceased to be an arm of the state and became, in effect, the state itself. When these internal developments are seen in the broader context of world history as it affected Syria during the first half of the thirteenth century--Italian commercial expansion, the Crusades of Frederick II and St. Louis, the Mongol expansion--then the great intrinsic interest of Ayyubid history becomes apparent. Professor Humphreys has developed these themes through close examination of the political fortunes of the Ayyubid princes of Damascus. For Damascus, though seldom the capital of the Ayyubid confederation, was, nevertheless, its hinge. The struggle for regional autonomy vs. centralization, for Syrian independence vs. Egyptian domination, was fought out at Damascus, and the city was compelled to stand no less than eleven sieges during the sixty-seven years of Ayyubid rule. Almost every political process of real significance either originated with the rulers of Damascus or was closely reflected in their policy and behavior. The book is cast in the form of a narrative, describing a structure of politics which was in no way fixed and static, but dynamic and constantly evolving. Indeed, the book does not so much concern the doings of a group of rather obscure princes as it does the values and attitudes which underlay and shaped their behavior. The point of the narrative is precisely to show what these values were, how they were expressed in real life, and how they changed into quite new values in the course of time.


Author: Malcom C. Lyons,Malcolm Cameron Lyons,D. E. P. Jackson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521317399

Category: History

Page: 468

View: 4115

A classic study of Saladin, the scourge of the crusaders, who during the 12th century imposed unity on his dominions, retook Jerusalem, and for a time resisted the Third Crusade. He was a brilliant military leader, a diplomat, politician and administrator who earned a reputation for honesty and chivalry.


Author: John Davenport

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438117841

Category: Crusades

Page: 119

View: 2028

Examines the life of the very powerful and influential Muslim sultan, Saladin, who led his people in an attempt to regain holy lands in and around Jerusalem that had been lost during earlier Crusades.


Author: David Nicolle

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1849083185

Category: History

Page: 65

View: 6904

This Osprey Command book looks closely at the early life, military experiences and key battlefield exploits of Al-Malik al-Nasir Yusuf Ibn Najm al-Din Ayyub Ibn Shahdi Abu'l-Muzaffar Salah al-Din – or Saladin as he is more commonly known outside the Islamic world – who is broadly regarded as the greatest hero of the Crusades, even in Europe. Most chroniclers present him as a man of outstanding virtue, courage and political skill. More recently, however, efforts have been made to portray Saladin as an ambitious, ruthless and even devious politician, and as a less brilliant commander than is normally thought. This book sets out to reveal that the truth is, as usual, somewhere in between.

Saladin’S Sword

Author: James Jones

Publisher: Balboa Press

ISBN: 1452530254

Category: Fiction

Page: 130

View: 9929

Flying a Dutch flag, the Vandetta is moored alongside the dock in the port of Kingston, Jamaica. On board, meeting secretly, are four pirate captainsthree former royal navy captains and a Duke of the Realmmaking a plan to exact revenge and retribution on those responsible for their loss of income, status, position, and reputation. The four compiled a list of the people who had caused them even the slightest provocation during the last twenty years, focusing on those who had forced them into the cut-throat world of piracy. Fierce battles ensue and in the process they capture a princess and steal her dowry and gold bullion from a ship in the dead of night. They also commandeer three Spanish treasure ships and, using the melted gold, they commit a major forgery by selling the gilded gold to greedy, corrupt government officials. A tale of the high seas, Saladins Sword narrates a story of treachery, adventure, and betrayal.

Byzantium and the Crusades

Author: Jonathan Harris

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781852855017

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 6686

The first great city to which the Crusaders came in 1089 was not Jerusalem but Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. Almost as much as Jerusalem itself, Constantinople was the key to the foundation, survival and ultimate eclipse of the crusading kingdom.

Islamic Historiography

Author: Chase F. Robinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521629362

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 3846

Table of contents

Tolerance and Intolerance

Author: Michael Gervers,James M. Powell

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815628705

Category: History

Page: 220

View: 8526

This collection provides important insights into the relationships among diverse groups in the period from the eleventh to the seventeenth centuries.