The Biology of Desire

Author: Marc Lewis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781610394376

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 2835

The psychiatric establishment in the Western world has unanimously branded addiction a brain disease. And the idea that an addict has an incurable illness, as opposed to a contemptible moral weakness, has served an historically important role in changing how addiction is understood, researched, and treated throughout the world. But as renowned developmental neuroscientist and recovered addict Marc Lewis argues in this illuminating, compelling, likely controversial book, addiction is not in fact a disease. Addiction, whether to drugs, alcohol, gambling, food, sex, or cigarettes, is rather a developmental learning process resulting from the normal functioning of the human brain. Through vividly rendered, compassionate stories of five addicts, interpreted in the light of state-of-the-art neuroscientific knowledge, Lewis shows how the compulsion to use arises in a brain that is highly efficient in pursuing singular goals. He reveals addiction as an unfortunate twist of fate for a brain doing what it’s designed to do--seek pleasure and relief--in a world that’s not cooperating. He shows that recovery from addiction is indeed possible, and that it is nothing like remission from a disease. The Biology of Desire is vital and enlightening reading for anyone who has wrestled with addiction themselves, in their families, or as a medical or treatment professional. It illuminates a path to more effective treatment for addicts, and limns the essential requirements for individual recovery. Combining clearly rendered scientific explanation with insight, compassion, and even humor, Lewis boldly challenges us all to re-examine our approach to addiction, and whether the metaphors we've used to explain it have now become obstacles to healing.

Summary of Marc Lewis's The Biology of Desire

Author: Everest Media,

Publisher: Everest Media LLC

ISBN: 1669381927

Category: Science

Page: 28

View: 722

Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 There are three main categories of addiction: disease, choice, and self-medication. The disease model states that addiction is a brain disease that is caused by changes in specific brain systems, especially those that process rewards. The choice model emphasizes changes in thought processes. #2 There are many models of addiction, and they all overlap to some degree. The disease model calls for treatment by experts, including medical experts and psychiatrists. The self-medication model stresses the need to protect children and adolescents from extreme psychosocial pressures and to diagnose and treat underlying developmental issues. #3 The disease model of addiction is the front-runner among current attempts to define addiction. It is accepted almost everywhere, and most addicts have little choice but to go along with it. #4 The disease model of addiction is that it is a chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences.

The Gender of Sexuality

Author: Pepper Schwartz,Virginia Rutter

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9780803990425

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 6528

This work is designed to draw all students in a class to a consideration of how and why gender and sexuality are constructed. The approach is both sociological and historical (from the 1960's to the present day).

The Biology of Wonder

Author: Andreas Weber

Publisher: New Society Publishers

ISBN: 1550925946

Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 1687

A new way of understanding our place in the web of life from a scholar praised for his “graceful prose” (Publishers Weekly). The disconnection between humans and nature is perhaps one of the most fundamental problems faced by our species today. This schism is arguably the root cause of most of the environmental catastrophes unraveling around us. Until we come to terms with the depths of our alienation, we will continue to fail to understand that what happens to nature also happens to us. In The Biology of Wonder Andreas Weber proposes a new approach to the biological sciences that puts the human back in nature. He argues that feelings and emotions, far from being superfluous to the study of organisms, are the very foundation of life. From this basic premise flows the development of a "poetic ecology" which intimately connects our species to everything that surrounds us—showing that subjectivity and imagination are prerequisites of biological existence. Written by a leader in the emerging fields of biopoetics and biosemiotics, The Biology of Wonder demonstrates that there is no separation between us and the world we inhabit, and in so doing it validates the essence of our deep experience. By reconciling science with meaning, expression, and emotion, this landmark work brings us to a crucial understanding of our place in the rich and diverse framework of life—a revolution for biology as groundbreaking as the theory of relativity for physics. “Grounded in science, yet eloquently narrated, this is a groundbreaking book. Weber’s visionary work provides new insight into human/nature interconnectedness and the dire consequences we face by remaining disconnected.” —Richard Louv, author of Last Child in the Woods

The Biology of Sin

Author: Matthew S. Stanford

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 0830858598

Category: Religion

Page: 173

View: 1334

The Biology of Sin discusses sinful behaviors, including adultery, rage, addiction, and homosexuality, asking: What does science say, and what does the Bible say?

The Biology of Alcoholism

Author: Benjamin Kissin,Henri Begleiter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146840895X

Category: Psychology

Page: 552

View: 2312

Alcoholism is a uniquely human condition. Although some forms of alcohol dependence can be induced experimentally in a variety of laboratory animals, the complete spectrum of alcoholism with all of its physical, psychological, and social implications occurs only in man. The special quality of this relationship becomes more significant when one considers that the manifestations of most physical disease syndromes in animals and man are more similar than they are different. The uniqueness of alcoholism lies in the fact that it is one of the few physical diseases which reflects at all levels the problems of individuals coping with the complexities of human society. In order to present a more coherent picture of these complex relationships, we have attempted to impose a logical sequence upon the material. This sequence lies along a dual parameter-from the physical to the social and from the theor etical to the empirical. Consequently, it was natural for the first volume in this series to deal with biochemistry, the most basic and physical aspect of the inter action of alcohol and man. It is equally natural for this, the second volume, to deal with physiology and behavior, for these levels of phenomenology-partic ularly the latter-are already more empirical and psychological in their mani festations. Finally, the third volume, clinical pathology, describes the disease itself, with all of the medical and social implications carried in the word "alcoholism.

Spirituality in the Flesh

Author: Robert C. Fuller

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190451394

Category: Psychology

Page: 208

View: 4391

It is now generally accepted that the structure and function of the human body deeply influence the nature of human thought. As a consequence, our religious experiences are at least partially determined by our sensory organs, emotional programs, sexual sensibilities, and the neural framework of our brains. In Spirituality in the Flesh, Robert C. Fuller investigates how studying the body can help us to answer the profoundest spiritual questions. Why is it that some religious traditions assign spiritual currency to pain? How do neurochemically driven emotions, such as fear, shape our religious actions? What is the relationship between chemically altered states of consciousness and religious innovation? Using recent biological research to illuminate religious beliefs and practices, Fuller delves into topics as diverse as apocalypticism, nature religion, Native American peyotism, and the sexual experimentalism of nineteenth-century communal societies, in every case seeking middle ground between the arguments currently emanating from scientists and humanists. He takes most scientific interpreters to task for failing to understand the inherently cultural aspects of embodied experience even as he chides most religion scholars for ignoring new knowledge about the biological substrates of human thought and behavior. Comfortable with the language of scientific analysis and sympathetic to the inherently subjective aspects of religious events, Fuller introduces the biological study of religion by joining together this era's unprecedented understanding of bodily states with an expert's knowledge of religious phenomena. Culling together insights from scientific observations, historical allusions, and literary references, Spirituality in the Flesh offers a bold look at the biological underpinnings of religion and opens up new and exciting agendas for understanding the nature and value of human religiosity.

Homosexuality and Science

Author: Vernon A. Rosario

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576072819

Category: Psychology

Page: 323

View: 314

"Homosexuality and Science" is the compelling history of this intense, ongoing scientific controversy. The story begins in the Victorian era, when doctors were horrified to discover that homosexuality, which they called "sexual perversion" was widespread--probably the result of childhood masturbation, they theorized, and sure to result in mental weakness and blindness for generations to come. The story progresses to a world where gay, lesbian, transgender, and bisexual scientists are involved in sexuality research, but where the AIDS pandemic has given rise to "reparative therapy" and ministries that claim to "cure" homosexuality. This high-interest title shows how our understanding of homosexuality has been shaped not only by theories of evolution, eugenics, endocrinology, neurobiology, molecular biology, psychology, genetics, anthropology, and sexology, but also by the values of the times.

The Origin of Humanness in the Biology of Love

Author: Humberto Maturana Romesín,Gerda Verden-Zöller

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 1845403770

Category: Philosophy

Page: 247

View: 5433

The central concern of this book is us human beings. The authors’ basic question is: ‘How is it that we can live in mutual care, have ethical concerns, and at the same time deny all that through the rational justification of aggression?’ The authors answer this basic question indirectly by providing a look into the fundaments of our biological constitution, concentrating on what they term emotioning, that is the flow of emotions in daily life that guides the flow of the systemic conservation of a manner of living. Maturana and Verden-Zöller claim that the fundamental emotion that gave rise to humans as sapient languaging beings was love, and that this remains our fundament even when other emotions become socially prevalent.

The Biology of Homosexuality

Author: Jacques Balthazart

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199838828

Category: Medical

Page: 188

View: 3720

This text reviews what research on animals can tell us about the biological factors that control human sexual behavior and orientation.