The Uncanny "Method" in the Madness

Author: Wolfgang Streit

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 373868817X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 41

View: 1509


Apocalypse Now has been interpreted as addressing the Vietnam War in a similarly mythological and hence ahis¬torical way as the high modernist poetry recited by Colonel Kurtz. The closer, post-colonial view of this paper in the German language, however, shows that the 2001 “Redux-“ version of Coppola’s film questions the imperialist US sys¬tem on several levels. By mockery it subverts the ide¬ology of free-trade underlying the confrontation between the super powers in the Cold War and the Vietnam War itself. Also, the movie’s technique of montage fundamen¬tally questions the author¬ity of the military apparatus and exposes the un¬tenable nature of Willard’s killing mission. The visit of the Captain’s boat crew in the French colony serves to further outline the extent to which the doomed imperial war project is grafted – as a palimpsest – on the equally outdated re¬mains of the French colonial past. As a conse¬quence both forms of intervention are cinemato¬graphically dele¬gitimized, especially by means of uncanny props exposing the de¬gree to which they are haunted by the contradictions between ide¬ological justification, US-historical genocidal past – in the case of the Vietnam War – and a belligerent present oper¬ating also by means of arbitrarily constructed alterity. This makes obvious Redux’s practice of – in Edward Said’s termi-no¬logy – establishing ”anti-imperialist re¬sistance” against the US warfare. One of the movie’s key strategies to expose the inhumane moral universe of the war theatre is Kurtz’s ”method” of making Willard – and the viewers of the movie – experience the large-scale massa¬cre in a lavish, synesthetic total work of art in¬spired by Stanislavski’s ident¬ifi¬catory “method acting” and Ri¬chard Wagner. This didactic “Gesamtkunstwerk” also makes use of further cin¬ematogra¬phic adaptations of uncanny ele¬ments – ac-cording to Sig¬mund Freud – and strategically mobilizes a displaced version of mimicry.

The Uncanny Valley in Games and Animation

Author: Angela Tinwell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586958

Category: Computers

Page: 236

View: 9477


Advances in technology have enabled animators and video game designers to design increasingly realistic, human-like characters in animation and games. Although it was intended that this increased realism would allow viewers to appreciate the emotional state of characters, research has shown that audiences often have a negative reaction as the human

The Uncanny Valley Hypothesis and Beyond

Author: Marcus Cheetham

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 2889454436

Category: Robotics

Page: 142

View: 3723


A field of theory and research is evolving around the question highlighted in the Uncanny Valley Hypothesis: How does high realism in anthropomorphic design influence human experience and behaviour? The Uncanny Valley Hypothesis posits that a very humanlike character or object (e.g., robot, prosthetic limb, doll) can evoke a negative affective (i.e., uncanny) state. Recent advances in robotic and computer-graphic technologies in simulating aspects of human appearance, behaviour and interaction have been accompanied, therefore, by theorising and research on the meaning and relevance of the Uncanny Valley Hypothesis for anthropomorphic design. Current understanding of the "uncanny" idea is still fragmentary and further original research is needed. However, the emerging picture indicates that the relationship between humanlike realism and subjective experience and behaviour may not be as straightforward as the Uncanny Valley Hypothesis suggests. This Research Topic brings together researchers from traditionally separate domains (including robotics, computer graphics, cognitive science, psychology and neuroscience) to provide a snapshot of current work in this field. A diversity of issues and questions are addressed in contributions that include original research, review, theory, and opinion papers.

The Digital Uncanny

Author: Kriss Ravetto-Biagioli

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190853999

Category: Art

Page: 233

View: 8738


We are now confronted with a new type of uncanny experience, an uncanny evoked by parallel processing, aggregate data, and cloud-computing. The digital uncanny does not erase the uncanny feeling we experience as déjà vu or when confronted with robots that are too lifelike. Today's uncanny refers to how non-human devices (surveillance technologies, algorithms, feedback, and data flows) anticipate human gestures, emotions, actions, and interactions, thus intimating that we are but machines and that our behavior is predicable precisely because we are machinic. It adds another dimension to those feelings in which we question whether our responses are subjective or automated - automated as in reducing one's subjectivity to patterns of data and using those patterns to present objects or ideas that would then elicit one's genuinely subjective-yet effectively preset-response. In fact, this anticipation of our responses is a feedback loop that we humans have produced by designing software that can study our traces, inputs, and moves. In this sense one could say that the digital uncanny is a trick we play on ourselves, a trick that we would not be able to play had we not developed sophisticated digital technologies. Digital Uncanny explores how digital technologies, particularly software systems working through massive amounts of data, are transforming the meaning of the uncanny that Freud tied to a return of repressed memories, desires, and experiences to their anticipation. Through a close reading of interactive and experimental art works of Rafael Lozano-Hemmer, Bill Viola, Simon Biggs, Sue Hawksley, and Garth Paine, this book is designed to explore how the digital uncanny unsettles and estranges concepts of "self," "affect," "feedback" and "aesthetic experience," forcing us to reflect on our relationship with computational media and by extension our relationship to each other and our experience of the world.

The Freudian Reading

Author: Lis Møller

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812213812

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 188

View: 2137


Selected by Choice magazine as an Outstanding Academic Title In The Freudian Reading, Lis Møller examines the premises, procedures, and objectives of psychoanalytic reading in order to question the kind of knowledge such readings produce. But above all, she questions the role of Freud as master explicator. Although Freud has been seen as a great synthesizer, Møller contends that his significance as a reader lies elsewhere. For Møller, this significance lies in the way Freud presses his inquiry to the point where he encounters something he cannot explain or that he can only explain at the risk of overthrowing previous conclusions. Such moments of crisis occur repeatedly in Freud's work, causing him to swerve from his original train of thought, or even to call into question the theoretical foundation of his interpretation. The dominant line of argument, therefore, is frequently punctuated with problems and questions. If we concentrate on these, Møller argues, we are forced to reconsider the traditional conception of a Freudian reading and to reassess our perceived notions of just what kind of reader Freud was. While The Freudian Reading is based on a wide range of Freud's writings, it concentrates on four central texts: Delusions and Dreams in Jensen's Gradiva, From the History of an Infantile Neurosis, The Uncanny, and Constructions in Analysis. The discussion does not progress chronologically. Rather, it explores the ways in which these texts interact: how they reflect, comment on, and contradict one another. The Freudian Reading is a concentrated, subtle analysis of Freud's interpretive practice, with special reference to his interpretations of literary texts. It will be of interest to scholars and students of literary theory and criticism as well as to readers in the field of psychoanalysis.

User Centric Media

Author: Petros Daras,Oscar Mayora

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642126294

Category: Computers

Page: 364

View: 561


This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the First International Conference, UCMedia 2009, which was held on 9-11 December 2009 at Hotel Novotel Venezia Mestre Castellana in Venice, Italy. The conference`s focus was on forms and production, delivery, access, discovery and consumption of user centric media. After a thorough review process of the papers received, 23 were accepted from open call for the main conference and 20 papers for the workshops.

The Uncanny

Author: Nicholas Royle

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 6497


This study is of the uncanny; an important concept for contemporary thinking and debate across a range of disciplines and discourses, including literature, film, architecture, cultural studies, philosophy, psychoanalysis and queer theory. Much of this importance can be traced back to Freud's essay of 1919, The Uncanny (Das Unheimliche). Where he was perhaps the first to foreground the distinctive nature of the uncanny as a feeling of something not simply weird or mysterious but, more specifically, as something strangely familiar. As a concept and a feeling, however, the uncanny has a complex history going back to at least the Enlightenment. Royle offers a detailed historical account of the emergence of the uncanny, together with a series of close readings of different aspects of the topic. Following a major introductory historical and critical overview, there are chapters on the death drive, deja-vu, silence, solitude and darkness, the fear of being buried alive, doubles, ghosts, cannibalism, telepathy and madness, as well as more applied readings concerned, for example, with teaching, politics, film and religion.

The Legend of St. Brendan

Author: Jude S. Mackley

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004166629

Category: History

Page: 367

View: 5246


"The Legend of St Brendan" is a study of two accounts of a voyage undertaken by Brendan, a sixth-century Irish saint. The immense popularity of the Latin version encouraged many vernacular translations, including a twelfth-century Anglo-Norman reworking of the narrative which excises much of the devotional material seen in the ninth-century "Navigatio Sancti Brendani abbatis" and changes the emphasis, leaving a recognisably secular narrative. The vernacular version focuses on marvellous imagery and the trials and tribulations of a long sea-voyage. Together the two versions demonstrate a movement away from hagiography towards adventure. Studies of the two versions rarely discuss the elements of the fantastic. Following a summary of authorship, audiences and sources, this comparative study adopts a structural approach to the two versions of the Brendan narrative. It considers what the fantastic imagery achieves and addresses issues raised with respect to theological parallels.

The Architecture of Deconstruction

Author: Mark Wigley

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262731140

Category: Architecture

Page: 300

View: 7404


By locatingthe architecture already hidden within deconstructive discourse, Wigley opens up more radical possibilities for both architectureand deconstruction.

Drama + Theory

Author: Peter Buse

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719057229

Category: Drama

Page: 228

View: 5304


Peter Buse illuminates the relationship between modern British drama and contemporary critical and cultural theory. He demonstrates how theory allows fresh insights into familiar drama, pairing well-known plays with classic theory texts. The theoretical text is more than applied to the dramatic text, instead Buse shows how they reflect on each other. Drama + Theory provides not only provides new interpretations of popular plays, but of the theoretical texts as well.