Walter Gropius, 1883-1969

Author: Gilbert Lupfer,Paul Sigel

Publisher: Taschen

ISBN: 9783822835319

Category: Architecture

Page: 96

View: 5095

Born and educated in Germany, Walter Gropius (1883-1969) belongs to the select group of architects that massively influenced the international development of modern architecture. As the founding director of the Bauhaus, Gropius made inestimable contributions to his field, to the point that knowing his work is crucial to understanding Modernism. His early buildings, such Fagus Boot-Last Factory and the Bauhaus Building in Dessau, with their use of glass and industrial features, are still indispensable points of reference. After his emigration to the United States, he influenced the education of architects there and became, along with Mies van der Rohe, a leading proponent of the International Style.

Walter Gropius

Author: N.A

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035617430

Category: Architecture

Page: 208

View: 2034

As founder of the Bauhaus school, Walter Gropius (1883–1969) is one of the icons of 20the century architecture. While his early buildings in Pomerania were still strongly marked by his teacher Peter Behrens, after an expressionistic phase focused on handicraft, he ultimately arrived at geometric abstraction. During the entire period he collaborated with other architects, founding the collective known as "The Architects Collaborative" in the US. The comprehensive monograph documents all 74 of the known buildings by Gropius that were realized, including many early works which he never publicized; but it also critically examines his unbuilt projects. The book is illustrated with new photographs by the author, historical figures, and with as new plans drawn by the author.


Author: Peter Gössel,Gennaro Postiglione,Francesca Acerboni

Publisher: Taschen

ISBN: 9783822863121

Category: Architecture

Page: 480

View: 9547

"The present publication includes the work done by the MEAM Net research group at the Politecnico di Milano in collaboration with 27 institutions Europe-wide. This work, titled "One hundred houses for one hundred European architects of the 20th century", bore fruit in a travelling exhibition and a website"

Bauhaus 1919-1933

Author: Barry Bergdoll,Leah Dickerman

Publisher: The Museum of Modern Art

ISBN: 9780870707582

Category: Art

Page: 344

View: 6998

"Bauhaus 1919-1933," The Museum of Modern Art's first comprehensive treatment of the subject since its famous Bauhaus exhibition of 1938, offers a new generational perspective on the 20th century's most influential experiment in artistic education.

Malevolent Muse

Author: Oliver Hilmes

Publisher: Northeastern University Press

ISBN: 1555538452

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 360

View: 3186

Of all the colorful figures on the twentieth-century European cultural scene, hardly anyone has provoked more polarity than Alma Schindler Mahler Gropius Werfel (1879-1964), mistress to a long succession of brilliant men and wife of three of the best known: composer Gustav Mahler, architect Walter Gropius and writer Franz Werfel. To her admirers Alma was a self-sacrificing socialite who inspired many great artists. Her detractors found her a self-aggrandizing social climber and an alcoholic, bigoted, vengeful harlot - as one contemporary put it, "a cross between a grande dame and a cesspool." So who was she really? When historian Oliver Hilmes discovered a treasure-trove of unpublished material, much of it in Alma's own words, he used it as the basis for his first biography, setting the record straight while evoking the atmosphere of intellectual life in Europe and then in ŽmigrŽ communities on both coasts of the United States after the Nazi takeover of their home territories. First published in German in 2004, the book was hailed as a rare combination of meticulously researched scholarship and entertaining writing, making it a runaway bestseller and advancing Oliver Hilmes to his position as a household name in contemporary literature. Alma Mahler was one of the twentieth century's rare originals, worthy of her immortalization in song. Oliver Hilmes has provided us with an even-handed yet tantalizingly detailed account of her life, bringing Alma's singular story to a whole new audience.

Space, Time and Architecture

Author: Sigfried Giedion

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674830400

Category: Architecture

Page: 897

View: 3556

Analyzes contemporary architectural techniques, potentialities, innovations, and concepts as they apply to city planning

Programs and Manifestoes on 20th-Century Architecture

Author: Ulrich Conrads

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262530309

Category: Architecture

Page: 192

View: 1135

The present volume offers eloquent testimony that many of the master builders of this century have held passionate convictions regarding the philosophic and social basis of their art. Nearly every important development in the modern architectural movement began with the proclamation of these convictions in the form of a program or manifesto. The most influential of these are collected here in chronological order from 1903 to 1963. Taken together, they constitute a subjective history of modern architecture; compared with one another, their great diversity of style reveals in many cases the basic differences of attitude and temperament that produced a corresponding divergence in architectural style. In point of view, the book covers the aesthetic spectrum from right to left; from programs that rigidly generate designs down to the smallest detail to revolutionary manifestoes that call for anarchy in building form and town plan. The documents, placed in context by the editor, are also international in their range: among them are the seminal and prophetic statements of Henry van de Velde, Adolf Loos, and Bruno Taut from the early years of the century; Frank Lloyd Wright's 1910 annunciation of Organic Architecture; Gropius's original program for the Bauhaus, founded in Weimar in 1919; "Towards a New Architecture, Guiding Principles" by Le Corbusier; the formulation by Naum Gabo and Antoine Pevsner of the basic principles of Constructivism; and articles by R. Buckminster Fuller on universal architecture and the architect as world planner. Other pronouncements, some in flamboyant style, including those of Erich Mendelsohn, Hannes Meyer, Theo van Doesburg, Oskar Schlemmer, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, El Lissitzky, and Louis I. Kahn. There are also a number of collective or group statements, issued in the name of movements such as CIAM, De Stijl, ABC, the Situationists, and GEAM. Since the dramatic effectiveness of the manifesto form is usually heightened by brevity and conciseness, it has been possible to reproduce most of the documents in their entirety; only a few have been excerpted.

History of Architectural Theory

Author: Hanno-Walter Kruft

Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press

ISBN: 9781568980102

Category: Architecture

Page: 706

View: 1280

As the first comprehensive encyclopedic survey of Western architectural theory from Vitruvius to the present, this book is an essential resource for architects, students, teachers, historians, and theorists. Using only original sources, Kruft has undertaken the monumental task of researching, organizing, and analyzing the significant statements put forth by architectural theorists over the last two thousand years. The result is a text that is authoritative and complete, easy to read without being reductive.


Author: Annemarie Jaeggi

Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press

ISBN: 9781568981758

Category: Architecture

Page: 152

View: 3957

The Fagus Shoe-Last factory in Germany, designed by Walter Gropius in 1911, was the first large structure to use a steel frame and a facade almost entirely of glass. This revolutionary technique was a seminal point in modern architecture.